A voluntary statement made by a person charged with the commission of a crime or misdemeanor, communicated to another person, wherein he acknowledges himself to be guilty of the offense charged, and discloses the circumstances of the act or the share and participation which he had in it.
See 18 U.S.C.A. No. 3501. A statement made by a defendant disclosing his guilt of crime with which he is charged and excluding possibility of a reasonable inference to the contrary. People v. Anderson, 236 Cal.App.2d 419, 46 Cal.Rptr. 1, 7.
Voluntary statement made by one who is defendant in criminal trial at time when he is not testifying in trial and by which he acknowledges certain conduct of his own constituting crime for which he is on trial; a statement which, if true, discloses his guilt of that crime. People v. Beverly, 233 Cal.App.2d 702, 43 Cal. Rptr. 743, 749.
Confessions are admissible in evidence if given voluntarily. 18 U.S.C.A. No. 3501.
- oral confession
Classification of confessions
Confessions are divided into judicial and extrajudicial. The former are such as are made before a magistrate or court in the due course of legal proceedings; they include confessions made in preliminary examinations before magistrates. The latter is one made by the party out of court, or to any person, official or otherwise, when made not in the course of a judicial examination or investigation.
See also extrajudicial
An implied confession is where the defendant does not plead guilty but indirectly admits his guilt by placing himself at the mercy of the court and asking for a light sentence. An indirect confession is one inferred from the conduct of the defendant. An involuntary confession is one induced by hope, promise, fear, violence, torture, or threat. Lyons v. State, 77 Okl.Cr. 197, 138 P.2d 142, 148; Lyons v. State, 140 P.2d 248.
A naked confession is an admission of the guilt of the party, but which is not supported by any evidence of the commission of the crime. A voluntary confession is one made spontaneously by a person accused of crime, free from the influence of any extraneous disturbing cause, and in particular, not influenced, or extorted by violence, threats, or promises. It is the product of an essentially free and unconstrained choice by its maker, Interest of Ruth, 239 Pa.Super. 453, 360 A.2d 922, 923;
and, is made with full knowledge of nature and consequences of the confession. Martinez v. State, Okl.Cr., 496 P.2d 416, 421.
For criteria used in determining voluntariness, see 18 U.S.C.A. No. 3501(b).
A judicial confession is a plea of guilty or some similar action or conduct in court or in a judicial proceeding. People v. Telio, 1 Ill.App.3d 526, 275 N.E.2d 222, 226. Distinguished from admission.
A confession is a statement admitting or acknowledging all facts necessary for conviction of the crime. An admission, on the other hand, is an acknowledgment of a fact or facts tending to prove guilt which falls short of an acknowledgment of all essential elements of the crime. Gladden v. Unsworth, 9th Cir., 396 F.2d 373, 375 n. 2; People v. Fitzgerald, 56 Cal.2d 855, 861, 17 Cal.Rptr. 129, 132, 366 P.2d 481, 484

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • confession — [ kɔ̃fesjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 980; lat. ecclés. confessio → confesser 1 ♦ Déclaration, aveu de ses péchés que l on fait à un prêtre catholique, dans le sacrement de la pénitence. ⇒ confesse, pénitence. Confession sincère. ⇒ attrition, contrition,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • confession — con·fes·sion n 1: an act of confessing 2: an acknowledgment of a fact or allegation as true or proven; esp: a written or oral statement by an accused party acknowledging the party s guilt (as by admitting commission of a crime) compare admission; …   Law dictionary

  • confession — CONFESSION. s. f. Aveu, déclaration que l on fait de quelque chose. Confession sincère, franche, ingénue. Confession forcée, extorquée. Vous demeurez d accord par votre propre confession que.... Désirez vous une plus ample, une plus entière, plus …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • confession — Confession. s. f. v. Aveu, declaration que l on fait de quelque chose. Confession sincere, franche, ingenuë. confession forcée, extorquée. vous demeurez d accord par vostre propre confession. que desirez vous? une plus ample, une plus entiere,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Confession — Con*fes sion, n. [F. confession, L. confessio.] 1. Acknowledgment; avowal, especially in a matter pertaining to one s self; the admission of a debt, obligation, or crime. [1913 Webster] With a crafty madness keeps aloof, When we would bring him… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • confession — Confession, Confessio. Une faulse et fainte confession faite par aucun de soy mesme et d autres, qu il dit estre ses complices, Indicium adumbratum. Lesquelles choses par la confession d un chacun, sont deshonestes, Quae ex confesso sunt turpia.… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Confession — (v. lat. Confessio), 1) (Rechtsw.), Geständniß, s.d.; 2) das Bekenntniß eines Schuldners gegen den Gläubiger vor Gericht od. vor Zeugen, die genannte Summe diesem wirklich schuldig zu sein; 3) Geständniß des sündhaften Zustandes od. einer… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • confession — late 14c., action of confessing, originally in religion, from O.Fr. confession (10c.), from L. confessionem (nom. confessio) confession, acknowledgement, noun of action from pp. stem of confiteri (see CONFESS (Cf. confess)). In law, from 1570s.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • confession — [kən fesh′ən] n. 1. the act of confessing; acknowledgment; specif., a) an admission of guilt, esp. formally in writing, as by a person charged with a crime b) the confessing of sins to a priest in the sacrament of penance c) a general… …   English World dictionary

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